petroleum coke and cadmium

petroleum coke and cadmium

  • Petroleum coke Wikipedia

    Petroleum coke, abbreviated coke or petcoke, is a final carbon-rich solid material that derives from oil refining, and is one type of the group of fuels referred to as cokes.Petcoke is the coke that, in particular, derives from a final cracking process—a thermo-based chemical engineering process that splits long chain hydrocarbons of petroleum into shorter chains—that takes place in units

  • KCBX Petroleum Coke Health Consultation 8-22-16

    Health Consultation Review of Analysis of Particulate Matter and Metal Exposures in Air KCBX (AKA, “CHICAGO PETROLEUM COKE” sites) CHICAGO, COOK COUNTY, ILLINOIS AUGUST 22, 2016. Prepared by the U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry Division of Health Assessment and Consultation

  • China Is Quietly Burning A Fuel Dirtier Than Coal Forbes

    Jul 15, 2015· Forbes takes privacy seriously and is committed to transparency. surplus petroleum coke, including mercury, arsenic, chromium, nickel, and cadmium, as

  • Generating clean power from petroleum coke Modern Power

    From a power generation standpoint, petroleum coke typically contains high sulphur concentrations that require more extensive emissions control equipment. But with its versatility and ability to cost-effectively control emissions, circulating fluid bed (CFB) boiler designs continue to improve the economics of burning petroleum coke.

  • Safety Data Sheet Petroleum Coke

    Petroleum Coke, Uncalcined September 24, 2014 Page 2 of 6 Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed: May cause mechanical eye irritation. Prolonged skin contact may cause irritation, drying and cracking of the skin.

  • Petroleum Coke Particle Size Effects on the Treatment of

    Figure 3 Effects of petroleum coke size on the zinc removal (left) and metallization degrees (right), MW power 1.1kW, processing time 15min, coke addition 15 wt% The original dusts have most particles smaller than 2 µm. As the coke particle size went smaller, the

  • BP oil refinery waste piles up on Southeast Side Chicago

    Oct 18, 2013· By the end of the year, the oil giant BP is expected to complete work on new equipment that will more than triple the amount of petroleum coke

  • Health Effects of Petroleum Coke Petroleum Coke on

    Petroleum coke, also called pet coke or petcoke, is a solid carbon material that resembles coal; it is a product of oil refining. What are the health risks of petroleum coke? Significant quantities of fugitive dust from pet coke storage and handling operations present a health risk.

  • What is Petcoke? And What is it Used For? Petro Online
    So, What Exactly Is Petcoke, and What Is It Used for?Environmental ImplicationsLearn More About OilPetcoke is a byproduct created when bitumen found in tar sands, like those in Alberta, Canada, is refined into crude oil. Bitumen contains a higher number of carbon atoms than regular oil and it’s these atoms, extracted from large hydrocarbon molecules using heat, that go on to form petcoke.High grade petcoke which is low in sulphur and heavy metals can be used to make electrodes for the steel and aluminum industry. But the majority of petcoke manufactured globally, approximately 75-80%, is
  • Petroleum Coke an overview ScienceDirect Topics

    Petroleum coke samples are original one and those heat-treated at 1860, 2100, 2300, 2600, and 2800C (abbreviated to PC, PC1860, PC2100, PC2300, PC2600, and PC2800). First coulombic efficiency of petroleum coke varies depending on the heat-treatment temperatures as given in Table 9.9 [45,46,50].

  • Pyrophoricity Wikipedia

    A pyrophoric substance (from Greek: πυροφόρος, pyrophoros, 'fire-bearing') is a substance that ignites spontaneously in air at or below 54 °C (129 °F) (for gases) or within 5 minutes after coming into contact with air (for liquids and solids). Examples are iron sulfide and many reactive metals including plutonium and uranium, when powdered or thinly sliced.

  • Petroleum Coke an overview ScienceDirect Topics

    Reactor-grade graphite is made artificially by graphitization of selected petroleum coke (low in neutron absorbers like boron, cadmium, cobalt, etc.). The coke is first heated to drive off volatile matter and then ground and mixed with a coal-tar pitch binder.

  • (PDF) Ion Exchanger from Syrian Petroleum Coke of High

    Ion Exchanger from Syrian Petroleum Coke of High Sulphur Content and its Use for Industrial Water Softening And Cadmium Ions Removal from Polluted Waters

  • Alcoa -- Environment, Health and Safety

    Environment, Health and Safety. Environment, health and safety (EHS) are the cornerstones of our sustainability commitment. Innovative programs in EHS have made us leaders in emissions and energy management, resource conservation, mine rehabilitation and workplace safety.

  • Ill. attorney general suing over mounds of refinery waste

    Nov 04, 2013· All of the petroleum coke from a nearby BP refinery is stored by A monitor at Washington High School routinely registers the state's highest levels of the toxic metals chromium and cadmium

  • Untitled Document [content.icicidirect]

    Dec 29, 2017· In terms of sulphur content, petcoke has 75,000 parts per million (ppm) vs. coal that has sulphur content of 4,000 ppm. Further, when petcoke is burned, it emits heavy metal contaminates like mercury arsenic, chromium, nickel, and cadmium, as well as

  • About NO COAL IN RICHMOND

    Jan 14, 2020· Cadmium: causes death by cancer and kidney failure; Historically, the Levin-Richmond Terminal exported small amounts of coal and petroleum coke. As U.S. demand for coal began to drop, the terminal was approached by the coal industry and ramped up its operations (see graph below). It now handles and stores megatons of dirty coal and

  • MANAGING CHINA’S PETCOKE PROBLEM

    Petroleum coke (petcoke), a by-product of petroleum refining that is high in Managing China’s Petcoke Problem global energy markets abroad. With the Chinese government and society chromium, nickel, and cadmium, as well as dioxins, hydrogen chloride, and

  • Suzan Abdullah's research works

    Suzan Abdullah's 3 research works with 183 reads, including: Ion Exchanger from Syrian Petroleum Coke of High Sulphur Content and its Use for Industrial Water Softening And Cadmium Ions Removal

  • OSHA Annotated PELs Occupational Safety and Health

    Permissible Exposure Limits / OSHA Annotated Table Z-1; Note: This table only includes occupational exposure limits (OELs) for substances listed in the OSHA Z-1 Table. OELs for hundreds of additional substances have been adopted by Cal/OSHA, NIOSH, and ACGIH.These organizations periodically make revisions to their OELs and so they should be consulted directly for their most current values

  • UTAG Plasma Gasification from UTAG Green Energy

    The technology is not new. Germany used coal gasification as a method of generating liquid diesel fuel during WW II. It also has application in the refinery industry where the hydrogen can be generated from the gasification of the waste petroleum coke and then used to lower the sulphur in fuels.

  • Anodes petuniaco

    The canister is packed firmly with metallurgical coke or calcined petroleum coke to ensure even current transfer from the anode. Zinc anodes used for Cathodic Protection are cast from high purity zinc (99.99%) alloyed with aluminium and cadmium with limitations on the level of lead, iron and copper. Typical applications include:

  • 6. ANALYTICAL METHODS

    6. ANALYTICAL METHODS . AAS has been used to measure lead compounds from used mineral-based crankcase oil in blood (Clausen and Rastogi 1977). AAS is the most common detector used to measure lead compounds in blood, since AAS is a lead-specific detector. The

  • Method of processing electric arc furnace dust and

    Aug 16, 1994· Petroleum coke is introduced into the melter gasifier at the upper fuel charging end and oxygen-containing gas is blown into the petroleum coke to form at least a first fluidized bed of coke particles from the petroleum coke. Vaporized zinc, cadmium and lead from the electric arc furnace waste dust material which has been processed in the

  • UTAG Plasma Gasification from UTAG Green Energy

    The technology is not new. Germany used coal gasification as a method of generating liquid diesel fuel during WW II. It also has application in the refinery industry where the hydrogen can be generated from the gasification of the waste petroleum coke and then used to lower the sulphur in fuels.

  • Anodes petuniaco

    The canister is packed firmly with metallurgical coke or calcined petroleum coke to ensure even current transfer from the anode. Zinc anodes used for Cathodic Protection are cast from high purity zinc (99.99%) alloyed with aluminium and cadmium with limitations on the level of lead, iron and copper. Typical applications include:

  • Method of processing electric arc furnace dust and

    Aug 16, 1994· Petroleum coke is introduced into the melter gasifier at the upper fuel charging end and oxygen-containing gas is blown into the petroleum coke to form at least a first fluidized bed of coke particles from the petroleum coke. Vaporized zinc, cadmium and lead from the electric arc furnace waste dust material which has been processed in the

  • Hope Rising Metallurgical Group Co. Ltd,Cameroon

    Company Description We are leading manufacturers and exporters of High Quality Graphitised Calcined Petroleum Coke Potassium Cynide,Sodium Cynide, Rutile Sand, Cadmium Carbonate and we are looking for serious buyers to do business with.Our products meet International Standard and are affordable.This has enable us to export to many companies around the World including U.S.A.

  • Trace Element Chemistry of Fly Ashes from Co-combusted

    Trace Element Chemistry of Fly Ashes from Co-combusted Petroleum Coke and Coal Kevin R. Henke1 1University of Kentucky, Center for Applied Energy Research, 2540 Research Park Drive, Lexington, KY 40511-8410 KEYWORDS: petroleum coke, coal, fly ash, trace elements

  • Cadmium sca21.fandom

    Cadmium is a chemical element with symbol Cd and atomic number 48. This soft, bluish-white metal is chemically similar to the two other stable metals in group 12, zinc and mercury. Like zinc, it prefers oxidation state +2 in most of its compounds and like mercury it shows a low melting point compared to transition metals. Cadmium and its congeners are not always considered transition metals

  • Engineering Materials Imerys Graphite & Carbon

    In all of these applications, carbon materials like primary synthetic and natural graphite powders, calcined petroleum coke and water based dispersion are widely used as key ingredients. Imerys Graphite & Carbon products provide the key characteristics required by these applications as for example: high purity, electrical conductivity, thermal

  • Patents Assigned to Bechtel Group, Inc. Justia Patents

    Dec 19, 2003· Abstract: The present invention provides a method for processing environmentally undesirable materials including petroleum coke and the sulfur and heavy metals contained therein and agglomerated waste dust from an electric arc furnace and the zinc, cadmium, lead and iron oxides contained therein and of providing fuel and a charging material for

  • 6. ANALYTICAL METHODS

    6. ANALYTICAL METHODS . AAS has been used to measure lead compounds from used mineral-based crankcase oil in blood (Clausen and Rastogi 1977). AAS is the most common detector used to measure lead compounds in blood, since AAS is a lead-specific detector. The

  • XRF Elemental Analysis

    XRF analysis for the petroleum, minerals, and chemical industries. Intertek provides X-ray fluorescence (XRF) elemental content testing in laboratories across the world, supporting the quality control and assay needs of clients in the petroleum refining, minerals exploration & production, petrochemical, and

  • Final Effluent Limitations Guidelines and Standards for

    effluent limitations guidelines and standards for discharges from steam electric power plants. The and cadmium. Today, these discharges account for about 30 percent of all toxic pollutants petroleum coke. The final rule phases in the new, more stringent

  • Determination of Hydrogen Sulfide in Refinery Fuel Gases

    ----- DETERMINATION OF HYDROGEN SULFIDE IN REFINERY FUEL GASES BY Joseph E. Knoll and M. Rodney Midgett Quality Assurance Branch Environmental Monitoring and Support Laboratory Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27711 ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND SUPPORT LABORATORY OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL

  • Cement kiln Wikipedia

    Plants that burn waste fuels enjoy a negative fuel cost (they are paid by industries needing to dispose of materials that have energy content and can be safely disposed of in the cement kiln thanks to its high temperatures and longer retention times). As a result, the inefficiency of the wet process is an advantage—to the manufacturer.

  • Removal of Cu(II) ions from aqueous solutions using

    Mar 19, 2019· Petroleum coke (PC)-derived porous carbons were developed through chemical activation using KOH and applied to adsorb Cu(II) ions from aqueous solutions. The effects of KOH/PC mass ratio and activation temperature on the preparation and physical properties of porous carbon were studied. Also, the effects of the initial solution pH, contact time, operating temperature, dosage of